Ensure that 'Data encryption' is set to 'On' on a SQL Database

Azure SQL Database transparent data encryption helps protect against threats and malicious activity by performing real-time encryption and decryption of your database, backups, and transaction logs at rest without requiring any changes to the application.

Risk Level: High
Cloud Entity: Azure SQL Database
CloudGuard Rule ID: D9.AZU.CRY.11
Covered by Spectral: Yes
Category: Database


SQLDB should have encryption.status='Enabled'


From Portal

  1. Go to 'SQL databases' and choose your database
  2. Select 'Transparent data encryption' under 'Security' in the navigation menu
  3. Set 'Data encryption' to 'On'
  4. Save

From Command Line

az sql db tde set --resource-group RESOURCE GROUP --server DATABASE SERVER --database DATABASE --status Enabled

Note: By default, 'Data encryption' is set to 'On'.


  1. https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/database/transparent-data-encryption-tde-overview
  2. https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/relational-databases/security/encryption/transparent-data-encryption
  3. https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/cli/azure/sql/db/tde?view=azure-cli-latest#az_sql_db_tde_set

Azure SQL Database

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Compliance Frameworks

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  • Azure CIS Foundations v. 1.0.0
  • Azure CIS Foundations v. 1.1.0
  • Azure CIS Foundations v. 1.2.0
  • Azure CIS Foundations v. 1.3.0
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  • Azure ISO 27001:2013
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  • Azure NIST 800-171
  • Azure NIST 800-53 Rev 4
  • Azure NIST 800-53 Rev 5
  • Azure NIST CSF v1.1
  • Azure New Zealand Information Security Manual (NZISM) v.3.4
  • Azure PCI-DSS 3.2
  • CloudGuard Azure All Rules Ruleset
  • Microsoft Cloud Security Benchmark